(Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО "Профессионал", НПО "Мир и семья"; Санкт-Петербург, 2003 г.)



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  • Diaphragm — Di a*phragm, n. [L. diaphragma, Gr. ?, fr. ? to fence by a partition wall; dia through + ?, ?, to fence, inclose; prob. akin to L. fareire to stuff: cf. F. diaphragme. See {Farce}.] 1. A dividing membrane or thin partition, commonly with an… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • diaphragm — late 14c., from L.L. diaphragma, from Gk. diaphragma partition, barrier, muscle which divides the thorax from the abdomen, from diaphrassein to barricade, from dia across (see DIA (Cf. dia )) + phrassein to fence or hedge in. The native word is… …   Etymology dictionary

  • diaphragm — ► NOUN 1) a dome shaped muscular partition separating the thorax from the abdomen in mammals. 2) a taut flexible membrane in mechanical or acoustic systems. 3) a thin contraceptive cap fitting over the cervix. 4) a device for varying the… …   English terms dictionary

  • diaphragm — [dī′ə fram΄] n. [ME diafragma < LL diaphragma < Gr < dia , through + phragma, a fence < phrassein, to enclose] 1. the partition of muscles and tendons between the chest cavity and the abdominal cavity; midriff: see LUNG 2. a) any… …   English World dictionary

  • Diaphragm — Contents 1 Optics and photography 2 Acoustics 3 Other 4 …   Wikipedia

  • diaphragm — /duy euh fram /, n. 1. Anat. a. a muscular, membranous or ligamentous wall separating two cavities or limiting a cavity. b. the partition separating the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity in mammals. 2. Physical Chem. a. a porous plate… …   Universalium

  • diaphragm — 1. The musculomembranous partition between the abdominal and thoracic cavities. SYN: diaphragma (2) [TA], interseptum, midriff, phren (1). 2. A thin disk pierced with an opening, used in a microscope, camera, or other op …   Medical dictionary

  • diaphragm — n. 1) (in anatomy) a thin musculomembranous dome shaped muscle that separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities. The diaphragm is attached to the lower ribs at each side and to the breastbone and the backbone at the front and back. It bulges… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • diaphragm — 1. noun /ˈdaɪəˌfræm/ a) In mammals, a sheet of muscle separating the thorax from the abdomen, contracted and relaxed in respiration to draw air into and expel air from the lungs; also called thoracic diaphragm. b) Any of various membranes or… …   Wiktionary

  • diaphragm — n. contraceptive device to insert a diaphragm * * * [ daɪəfræm] [ contraceptive device ] to insert a diaphragm …   Combinatory dictionary

  • diaphragm — [[t]da͟ɪ͟əfræm[/t]] diaphragms 1) N COUNT Your diaphragm is a muscle between your lungs and your stomach. It is used when you breathe. 2) N COUNT A diaphragm is a circular rubber contraceptive device that a woman places inside her vagina …   English dictionary

  • diaphragm — UK [ˈdaɪəfræm] / US [ˈdaɪəˌfræm] noun [countable] Word forms diaphragm : singular diaphragm plural diaphragms 1) medical the large muscle between your lungs and your stomach that helps you breathe 2) medical a round rubber object that a woman… …   English dictionary

  • diaphragm — di•a•phragm [[t]ˈdaɪ əˌfræm[/t]] n. 1) anat. a wall of muscle and connective tissue separating two cavities, esp. the partition separating the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity in mammals 2) chem. a) a porous plate separating two liquids… …   From formal English to slang

  • diaphragm — [1] A flexible cloth rubber sheet that is stretched across an area thereby separating two different compartments. A diaphragm is used in pumps to create a pressure differential that causes a fluid to be pushed or pulled from one point to another …   Dictionary of automotive terms

  • diaphragm — n. 1 a muscular partition separating the thorax from the abdomen in mammals. 2 a partition in animal and plant tissues. 3 a disc pierced by one or more holes in optical and acoustic systems etc. 4 a device for varying the effective aperture of… …   Useful english dictionary


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